In its initial stage, plaque is not so much dangerous or problematic. However, if left untreated, plaque will result in tartar.
Essentially, plaque is a sticky, and soft film of bacteria building up on your teeth, gums, tongue, dentures, crowns, and dental fillings https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dental_plaque. However, when multiple layers of plaque combine with minerals in the saliva, they harden and create a chalky calcified substance called tartar. And that is why you should learn how to get rid of plaque sooner rather than later.
Plaque creates a breeding ground for oral bacteria that feed on sugars from the food you consume on a daily basis. In addition, plaque forms acid during the process that breaks down the tooth enamel, and resulting in cavities.
There are a number of factors that can contribute to plaque buildup, including improper oral hygiene, poor food choices, heredity, lack of professional care, and bad brushing technique https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oral_hygiene.
The best way to prevent plaque is to maintain dental hygiene, including:
- Brushing teeth with a good toothpaste two times per day
- Use a soft, and nylon brush with rounded and polished bristles for teeth brushing
- Hold the brush at a 45-degree angle against your gum line when brushing your teeth
- Make sure you brush your tongue as well, as it supports bacteria growth
- Use dental floss regularly to clean the gums and teeth
In addition to regular dental hygiene, there are also natural remedies for plaque and tartar.
How to get rid of plaque naturally
This is one of the oldest practices for oral health https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4382606/. Oil pulling will help you easily remove plaque from your teeth.
The best oil to use is extra virgin coconut oil, but any other oil can do the trick. Coconut oil, however, has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects that make it that much more potent.
- Start by swishing 1 tablespoon of coconut oil in your mouth for 15 to 20 minutes
- Spit the oil out, and be careful not to swallow it or gargle with it
- Brush your teeth afterwards
- Repeat every day, once in the morning before you eat anything
Baking soda is one of the most commonly used natural remedies in the home https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12017929. You can use it for almost everything, including removing plaque.
Baking soda will help you neutralize acids in the mouth, which will reduce the amount of bacteria in your mouth. You can also use baking soda to whiten and brighten your teeth.
- Start by putting small amount of baking soda on the bristles of your wet toothbrush
- Brush like you regularly brush your teeth
- Rinse with lukewarm water afterwards
The guava leaves and guava fruit are considered great antiplaque agents https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18327481. As guava has anti-inflammatory properties, it can help you reduce swelling in the gums.
Studies have shown that guava can reduce adhesion of early plaque, as the fruit has potent antibacterial properties.
- Wash tender guava leaves. Chew thoroughly, and then spit the leaves out
- Repeat the treatment on a daily basis
- Alternatively, take a piece of unripe guava, sprinkle salt on it, and chew it slowly. Repeat 2 times per day for few days
Nothing beats aloe vera when it comes to antibacterial properties among home and natural remedies. The gel from aloe vera is great for dealing with gum disease, plaque, and tartar https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3410334/.
As an antimicrobial agent, aloe vera will help you get rid of harmful bacteria in your mouth.
- Extract the pulp of an aloe vera leaf
- Rub the pulp directly on your teeth and gum line
- Let it stay there for 10 minutes, and then rinse with cold water
- Repeat the treatment two times per day
Sesame seeds are a great dental scrub https://www.researchgate.net/publication/268012550_Anti-microbial_activity_of_sesame_oil. They will help you remove plaque, without damaging your teeth.
- Pop a handful of sesame seeds into your mouth
- Chew for a couple of minutes, but be careful not to swallow the seeds
- Take an old toothbrush, and brush your teeth while the seeds are in your mouth
- The seeds will act as a scrub and will clean the surface of your stained teeth
Vinegar contains acetic acid that will prevent demineralization of enamel and prevent accumulation of plaque https://www.omicsonline.org/antimicrobial-activity-of-vinegar-on-bacterial-species-isolated-from-retail-and-local-channel-catfish-ictalurus-punctatus-2157-7110.S11-001.php?aid=8787.
In addition, it has some antibacterial properties that will prevent growth of bacteria.
- Mix 2 teaspoons of white vinegar, 1 teaspoon of salt, and ½ cup of warm water
- Rinse your mouth with the mouthwash two times per day
Often used as a natural whitener, orange peels are great for removing stains from your teeth https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27535797. They contain vitamin C which is great for your oral health.
- Rub the inside of fresh orange peels directly on your teeth and gums
- Practice this before going to bed
- Leave the mixture to work its magic overnight, and rinse in the morning
Rosemary essential oil
- Mix 3 drops of rosemary essential oil and 1 tablespoon of carrier oil
- Swish the mixture for 10 minutes in your mouth
- Spit and then brush as usual
You can use black tea as a mouthwash to rinse your teeth. This process will help you reduce the risk of plaque, but also remove plaque in your mouth https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3249787/.
Black tea is one of the best natural sources of fluoride, a mineral that prevents tooth decay.
- Steep one black tea bag in a cup of hot water for 5 minutes
- Squeeze the tea bag into the water to release the maximum amount of black tea
- Once the tea has cooled down, use it to rinse your mouth
You will be surprised, but cheese helps you prevent and get rid of plaque. Cheese helps by supporting production of alkaline saliva that neutralizes plaque acid.
All you have to do is eat a small amount of hard cheese after your regular meal.
Learning how to get rid of plaque involves a little more than just using a couple of home remedies. Once you get rid of plaque, you need to make sure the problem does not come back.
Here are some tips on how to achieve that.
- Consume spicy foods that stimulate the salivary glands
- Chew raw apples one hour after consuming food
- Consume figs that will help you strengthen your teeth and stimulate saliva flow
- Limit consumption of processed foods that are high in sugar and starches
- Clean your teeth and gums at the dentist office once per year
- Always remember to floss, it is as much part of the oral hygiene as brushing
- Rinse with an antiseptic cleanser that will help you control plaque buildup and tartar. A hydrogen peroxide based mouthwash is great for this
- Invest in a dental scraping device, which is the same kind of device your dentist uses to coax the tartar from your teeth during intensive cleaning
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