There are two types of blood pressure.
Diastolic blood pressure, which is the bottom number, and the systolic, top number.
Known both of them is important for your overall health 1.
A high diastolic blood pressure can be a sign of a problem and should warrant a visit to the doctor’s office immediately.
Table of Contents
What is systolic and what is diastolic blood pressure?
Systolic blood pressure measures your heart beats 2.
When your heart beats, the heart contracts, and pushes blood through the arteries to the rest of the body.
The force creates pressure on the arteries and is called systolic blood pressure.
The normal systolic pressure is 120 or bellow, and a systolic blood pressure above 140 is considered hypertension.
The diastolic blood pressure indicates the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between beats.
A normal diastolic blood pressure is 80 or less.
Anything between 80 and 89 is still considered normal, and high diastolic blood pressure is reading over 90.
How often you need to check blood pressure?
Blood pressure can be measured easily with a simple and painless test.
Usually, that involves an electronic blood pressure monitor.
The test measures the systolic blood pressure first, and then the diastolic.
For example, that means your blood pressure may be read as 125 over 85.
If you have normal blood pressure, you should check it at least once every five years.
Of course, that is unless you need to have it measured more frequently.
As you get older, your pressure is likely to increase and you should check it more often.
If you have borderline high blood pressure, which is in the lines between 120 and 130 over 80 to 89, get it checked at least once a year.
If your doctor suggests, measure your blood pressure more often.
People with blood pressure higher than 140/90, should talk to their physician and measure their blood pressure more often, even on a daily basis.
Causes of high diastolic blood pressure
One in three adults has a high blood pressure in the United States.
That is according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 3.
Here are some of the causes of high blood pressure.
Primary hypertension is when the diastolic pressure is high 4.
As mentioned, diastolic pressure is the force exerted by blood on the walls of the arteries as it flows through between heartbeats.
In most cases, the blood pressure is elevated due to tiny arteries called arterioles being narrower than usual.
This compresses the blood flowing through them and raises the pressure.
Genetic factors can also contribute to primary hypertension.
Kidney and endocrine causes
An underactive thyroid, or medically known as hypothyroidism is one of the common causes of high diastolic blood pressure 5.
The elevated diastolic pressure is due to excessive arteriolar narrowing.
People with weight gain, fatigue, and intolerance to cold should be checked for hypothyroidism.
A blood test is usually required to confirm the diagnosis.
Endocrine diseases producing high levels of corticosteroids, parathyroid hormone, and aldosterone may also cause high blood pressure.
Diseases that damage the kidneys can also lead to high blood pressure.
When your kidneys are damaged, they lose their ability to remove fluids from the body, or they increase the production of angiotensin.
The sleep apnea syndrome is one in which a person has episodic pauses in breathing during sleep 6.
Such condition can raise the blood pressure.
The increased heart rate is common in people with sleep apnea syndrome.
Sleep apnea shortens the time between heartbeats, so the blood vessels spend more time exposed to extra blood flow following each heartbeat 7.
Some of the symptoms of sleep apnea include excessive daytime sleepiness.
However, a sleep study is usually required to diagnose the disorder.
While these factors do not contribute to high diastolic blood pressure directly, they can vastly increase the chances.
Here are some of the risk factors
- Being overweight or obese
- Being younger than 40 years old
- Sedentary lifestyle
- High total cholesterol level
- Frequent consumption of tea and coffee
Complications of high diastolic blood pressure
High diastolic blood pressure is linked to several life-threatening and severe conditions.
One of them is a risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm, a condition in which the main artery found in the abdominal cavity leaks or bursts.
The condition is life-threatening.
Another complication is cognitive decline.
Left untreated, a high diastolic blood pressure can lead to diabetes, stroke, and heart failure.
Symptoms of high diastolic blood pressure
High blood pressure is considered a silent disease.
The problem is it doesn’t produce any symptoms until the late stages.
That is why medical professionals recommend checking and measuring your blood pressure often.
High blood pressure is also considered an “asymptomatic disease”, or one that has no symptoms.
Symptoms of high blood pressure are usually linked to the condition causing it.
For example, people with hypothyroidism will experience the symptoms of the underactive thyroid gland.
With that in mind, some of the symptoms of high diastolic blood pressure require immediate help.
- Night sweats and increased sweating
- Difficulty sleeping
- Heart palpations
- Blurred vision
- Nose bleeding
How to lower it?
There are always over the counter medicaments you can use to lower high diastolic blood pressure.
But if you want to make a real difference, the trick is in changing your lifestyle, mainly, your diet.
Here are some fruits and vegetables that can lower your blood pressure.
Consume one fresh papaya on an empty stomach every day for one month.
The result will be lowered diastolic blood pressure.
After eating a papaya in the morning, do not eat anything for the next two hours.
Combine equal parts of honey and onion juice.
Consume two teaspoons of the remedy once per day for two weeks to lower your blood pressure naturally.
Being a fruit made of water, watermelon is great for prevention and treating hypertension.
Consume fresh watermelon early in the morning for maximum benefits.
Watermelon contains an organic compound called citrulline, an amino-acid that help regulate how hard your blood gets pumped through the entire body.
We usually spit the watermelon seeds.
But they are great for lowering blood pressure as well.
Grind equal parts of watermelon seeds and poppy seed.
Take one teaspoon on an empty stomach in the morning, and one in the evening with water to lower your blood pressure.
Repeat the remedy every day for 4 weeks.
Water ionizer is a home appliance which raises the pH of drinking water.
The machine does that by separating incoming water stream into acidic and alkaline components.
Consumption of ionized water results in many health benefits, one of which is lowered blood pressure.
Drink 8 to 12 glass of ionized water on a daily basis to lower your pressure.
Garlic is one of the best remedies for lowering blood pressure.
Use fresh or dried garlic.
Never heat up the garlic.
You can add honey to the garlic juice for a better taste.
Add one teaspoon of cayenne pepper in a half of cup of lukewarm water.
Drink when you need instant relief for high blood pressure.
Lemon and honey water
For this remedy, you need fresh lemons.
Squeeze just half of the lemon in one cup of water.
Add a teaspoon of raw honey, and drink it every two hours for immediate relief.