Has this happened to you?
You go to the bathroom to urinate, and you notice that the toilet bowl is filled with bubbles?
At this point, you start wondering whether bubbles are a normal thing, or you are suddenly peeing champagne.
If you start panicking, you shouldn’t. In most cases, they are harmless https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3539097/.
They are not a big deal, and if you thought that the moment you saw them in your toilet bowl, that is great.
There are a number of conditions that can cause bubbles in your urine.
As mentioned, most of them are harmless.
However, there are certain conditions that warrant a visit to the doctor’s office.
How to recognize which is which?
Well, you need to pay attention to other symptoms and signs your body is sending you.
Here are some conditions in which bubbles are normal, and some in which they are not.
Table of Contents
Why not worry about bubbles in urine?
In most cases, bubbles are caused by innocuous conditions.
Here are some of those.
Women who are pregnant sometimes notice that their urine has more bubbles when they are going to the bathroom https://www.babycenter.com/400_foam-in-urine-induction-vaginal-c-section_12397498_627.bc.
The reason why this happens is pregnancy puts extra pressure and work on the kidneys.
That results in more protein leaking into the urine, and the result is bubbles.
Some studies have shown that protein in the urine can be a sign of preeclampsia, a condition that can cause complications for both the baby and the mother.
But in most cases, bubbly urine during pregnancy is no big deal.
During pregnancy, women have to filter higher amounts of amino acids, and their kidneys enlarge.
When the amount is too much for the kidneys, protein can escape, and cause bubbles.
When you are urinating quickly and frequently, you might notice bubbles.
That is because you have dehydrated yourself, and the end result is bubbles.
Speaking of dehydration, bubbles are a normal thing when you are dehydrated https://patient.info/forums/discuss/foamy-urine-proteinuria-or-lack-of-water-intake–61675.
Dehydration will cause your urine to be highly concentrated, a condition in which the urine can bubble.
Patients with diabetes, for example, are at higher risk for dehydration and they commonly notice bubbles in their urine.
When you are under extreme pressure and stress, or you suffer from anxiety, bubbles might appear in your urine as a symptom.
Prolonged stress results in more protein albumin in the urine.
This extra protein is a result of the kidneys allowing it to leak in the same way as in pregnancy .
Stress is always a cause for concern, even though it is not as serious condition as some others causing bubbles.
But if ignored, prolonged stress can have implications for your general health, increasing the risk of heart disease and digestive problems https://www.mdedge.com/jfponline/article/64604/nephrology/exercise-induced-proteinuria, http://www.wakehealth.edu/News-Releases/2010/Excess_Protein_in_Urine_is_Indicator_of_Heart_Disease_Risk_in_Whites,_But_Not_Blacks.htm.
Chemicals in the toilet
This is a little absurd and funny cause, but in some cases, when urine mixes with cleaning chemicals in the toilet, it can cause bubbles.
One way to determine whether the bubbly urine is a serious concern or not is to drink water.
When you notice bubbles, drink more water.
Increasing your hydration will help you figure out whether the bubbles are because of dehydration, or some other problem.
Why should you worry?
This condition happens when protein is released into the urine in high amounts https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1087278/.
Usually, protein is released in small amounts.
However, when these levels are too high, the urine can appear bubble.
Proteinuria can be a sign of kidney problems or kidney disease https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3873205/.
Your kidneys are not filtering urine properly.
Some conditions that can impair the ability of kidneys to filter urine are untreated high blood pressure and diabetes.
Urinary tract infection
When bacteria enter your urinary tract system, you can develop an infection https://academic.oup.com/ndt/article/21/11/3031/1873310.
Pain and frequent urination are common symptoms, as well as burning sensation while urinating.
In addition, your urine might appear bubbly.
Check with a physician if you see bubbles along with pain and discomfort while urinating.
Kidney stones or diabetes are another kidney disease that can result in bubbles in urine.
If you are not certain, you should take a urine test to determine whether you have kidney disease.
A fistula is an abnormal connection.
In this case, the fistula develops between the bladder and the colon.
The result is bacteria, air, and gas can now travel into the bladder.
Some other symptoms of the condition include frequent infections, and other symptoms similar to UTIs.
What is the normal level of protein in the urine?
As mentioned previously, there is always some protein in the urine.
But when are these levels high, and when are they normal.
The only way to determine how much protein you have in urine is with a urine test.
When you get the urine test, normal reading is considered less than three mg/mmol https://labtestsonline.org/tests/urine-protein-and-urine-protein-creatinine-ratio.
Anything between 3 and 30 mg/mmol, you need an annual checkup of your kidneys.
Anything more than 30 mg/mmol, and you require further testing.
Protein in the urine is mostly a result of kidney problems, but also hypertension and obesity.
To reduce the levels of protein in your urine, you should consume more fruits and vegetables, grains, legumes, lean meat, fish, drink plenty of water, and restrict salt intake.
Five things urine says about your health
Bubbly urine is not the only sign you should watch for to check for health issues.
Your urine tells a lot more about your overall health.
Here are some other health conditions that your urine will warn you about.
- Dark and yellow color of your urine means you are dehydrated. Even a short-term dehydration like not getting enough fluids during your work day or workout will show in your urine. The problem is that ignoring the problem might set up serious bladder issues down the road
- Red urine, or blood in the urine is a sign of a condition called hematuria. Of course, blood is never normal, and you should check with a physician immediately. Blood in the urine can be a sign of kidney disease, kidney cancer, inflammation or infection of the kidneys, kidney trauma, and more. In some cases, taking blood thinners might result in red urine https://www.cancer.org/cancer/bladder-cancer/detection-diagnosis-staging/detection.html
- Strong odor and smell in the urine is a classic example of urinary tract infections. But first, you need to rule out foods and drinks you recently had. For example, some people cannot break down asparagus properly, and it shows in smell in urine. Coffee can also make your urine odor different
- Frequent urination or increased urgency to urinate might be a sign of enlarged prostate. You might feel a need to go to the bathroom several times per night
- Last, but not least, air or gas coming out means there is bacteria in your bladder that produces gas that releases during urination. It is another sign of a urinary tract infection. It is also a possibility, however rare, that you have a fistula or an abnormal opening within the bladder
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