Yeast infections are some of the most common infections that affect women.
Yeast is actually a fungus that lives inside the vagina, and when the balance between yeast and bacteria in the vagina is damaged, yeast infection symptoms occur.
The most common yeast that causes infections is Candida albicans.
Most common causes for yeast infections are diabetes, HIV infection, and hormone imbalance. Yeast infection symptoms occur mostly in the week before the menstrual cycle.
It is important to note that vaginal yeast infections cannot be transmitted during sex. Even if you are having unprotected sex with a partner that has a yeast infection, the cause for the infection is likely something else, not the sexual act.
As we mentioned, yeast infection symptoms usually occur the week before the menstrual period.
There are other conditions that display similar symptoms like the yeast infection, and those are sexually transmitted infections or STI and bacterial vaginosis.
With that in mind, the symptoms for yeast infection are the following:
- Vaginal itching that is severe. If you are experiencing mild itching, something else is in question
- Red and irritated skin affecting the area around the opening of the vagina
- Pain while urinating. This happens when your urine touches the irritated skin
- White, thick and odorless vaginal discharge
- Pain during sex in the vagina
Risks for yeast infection symptoms
There are multiple causes for yeast infections, and in most cases, you have the power to lower the risks and take some precautions. Here are some of the potential risks for yeast infection.
- Problems with the immune system are a common risk for development of yeast infection, as your immune system balances bacteria and yeast in the body. When you have problems with the immune system, the balance is damaged.
- Use of antibiotics is another factor that disrupts the balance between bacteria and yeast in the body, and especially in the vagina. Antibiotics can sometimes kill the good bacteria in the vagina which results in the higher presence of yeast which results with yeast infection symptoms.
- Pregnancy is something you cannot do much about. During pregnancy, hormones go nuts, and the shifting balance weakens the immune system.
- Tight-fitting clothes are not something you want to wear regularly, as they hold moisture and warmth and do not let your body breathe.
- Do not use feminine hygiene sprays and other scent products in the vaginal area
One thing you shouldn’t do if you have yeast infections symptoms is to panic. Luckily, there are multiple medical treatment options.
The standard treatment is antifungal medicines that can be inserted via cream into the vagina or orally by taking pills. Sometimes, vaginal boric acid capsules are recommended.
The advantage of taking pills is that they affect the entire body. Therefore, if you are suffering from yeast infection anywhere in the body, you will be treating.
Some notes to remember: vaginal boric acid capsules are easy to obtain, as they can be bought over-the-counter, but they are not safe for use during pregnancy.
Vaginal antifungal medicines can be used up to three days, and sometimes more, depending on the strength.